To pamper ourselves with our skin treatment it is essential to know about the look and feel of our skin. We must first know under which category we fall so that we don’t delay the starting of the treatment. There are five major categories of skin. There are normal, oily, dry, combination and sensitive ones. After identifying the type of your skin, we should choose the right kind of cream and lotion. Today, there is no insufficiency of the numerous products available in the market for the various kinds of skin. How do you check your skin type? One easy way to check is by wiping your face with the dry tissue in waking up in the morning. If there is oil on the skin, then the tissue will be greasy and is called oily skin. Apart from external skin care, you should be careful about your diet. Combination skin is a mix of oily and dry skin. If there is grease only in the centre panel of the face and dry elsewhere then it is a combination skin, which is T-shaped on the face. If there is no grease at all then it is normal skin. It is a perfectly balanced skin and less problematic. If the skin is too light, shiny and parched then it is dry skin. It requires more care because it is quite sensitive. This is exactly what happens in the case of dandruff when our skin is deprived of moisture. Sensitive skin is very delicate and vulnerable and prone to allergies. This is not very easy to test.
* Normal Skin – The normal skin type is one of the best type which retains freshness, attraction and flush for long. It is a very rare type of skin. This type of skin is neither greasy nor dry. It feels smooth, supple, elastic and velvety. Colour glows under its translucent surface. Beautiful as it is, it need care for it to last. It has a well-balanced oil and moisture levels, so acne is generally never a problem. But care must be taken against premature ageing as there will not be extract oil to prevent it. Daily cleansing, toning and nourishing are adequate for the skin. Use a mild or balanced soap and soft water to wash your face daily. If the usual tap water is hard, you can soften it by adding a little borax powder to it. Always rinse with clear water and don’t rub hard around the eyes because the skin here is very delicate. It is essential to remove your make-up before going to bed. Use a good cleansing cream. Skin should be smooth, baby-soft and elastic. It should not be puffy or shining. The pores are fine and hardly visible. A simple cleansing and dabbing with rose water is the answer. At least once a week, avoid using make-up. Extra care during onset of puberty is necessary for some people due to the hormonal imbalance.
* Dry Skin – Dry skin is highly susceptible to extremities to weather conditions. Strong perfumed skin care products should not be used for this skin. Exposure to sun, room heaters and air conditioners also take their toll. Few lines and wrinkles appear faster giving a premature old look. Protect your skin against wind, sun and water. Do not use soap and cold water, or astringent lotions. Use a good freshener after washing the face with lukewarm water. Ensure that the freshener is non-alcoholic, since alcohol dries the skin. It is advisable to use a good moisturizer and gently massage the skin. Toning, massaging and moisturizing with a generous quantity of oil and moisturizer should be an integral part of routine towards prevention of the skin. The moisturizer increases the water content of the outer layer of the skin, giving it a soft feel. Opt for a thick cream rather than a runny lotion, as it will have more oil than water. A good nourishing cream at night should be a must. Avoid washing frequently with soap as it not only removes germs but also the natural oil along with it which protects the skin and its elasticity. Cucumber juice is a good toner for dry skin and helps in moisturizing the pores. A diet which in vitamins A, B, C and D are beneficial for dry skin.
* Combination Skin – Combination skin type has a greasy nose down the bridge and on the forehead like a T. It is a mix of oily and dry which is most misunderstood and mistreated. It needs a different treatment for each area. However, both dry and greasy skins need moisturizing. It is necessary to maintain the acidity of the skin. Choose a strong astringent for oily areas and a mild one for drier areas. Wash your face with mild soap and use cleansing milk at night or use a rose-based cream. Mix curds and lime juice and apply it to face and neck. It will work wonders for the skin. Blot off the excess lotion from the oily areas.
* Oily or Greasy Skin – Most people with oily skin are susceptible to pimples and dark shadows. Hence, care should be taken to wash the face frequently, at least thrice a day. Use good cleansing milk or unboiled milk to wash your face at night before retiring to bed. To keep the skin clear of pimples and grease, drink at least six glasses of water every day. Avoid using make-up, unless you need to attend a party at night. Steaming the face once a week is an effective method to keep the oily face dry.
* Sensitive Skin – This type of skin has usually quite a fine texture with a tendency to be rosier than usual. It is very soft and prone to allergies. Dermatitis and allergies are caused by cosmetics like sun, strong perfume etc., which triggers it easily. Even natural fruits and vegetables can hurt the sensitive skin, as in the case of oily skin. If no cream or lotion agrees with the skin then turn to mother nature. Use milk to cleanse and moisturize with a solution of rose water and glycerine. These should soothe it. It is best to avoid perfumes and strong scented creams and lotions. For particularly dry and sensitive skin use primrose oil and moisturiser as it hydrates and protects. Even people suffering from eczema find against irritants that can lead to sensitivity. Careful skin care will take the sting out of the sensitive skin. While your actual skin is determined by young gene factors. Still, there is plenty you can do on a day-to-day basis to ensure it always looks glowing and is in peak condition. There is no timeframe to follow a good skin care regime as it will last a long time.